Study of Physiological Properties of Soil Order & in Bastar Zone Chhattisgarh State

Prabhakar Mishra1, Manish Upadhayay1, G. P. Khare2 and D.S. Thakur3

1Department of Chemistry, Dr. C.V. Raman University Bilaspur, INDIA. 2Civil Engineering, GEC Jagdalpur, INDIA. 3Soil science, Govt. Horticulture college Jagdalpur, INDIA.

DOI : http://dx.doi.org/10.29055/jcms/1135


Abstract: study of soil taxonomy there are at least 12 soil order classified in zonal, intra zonal and a zonal orders. Classification is the grouping of object in some orderly and logical manner it is based on the physiochemical properties of soils, basically soils are classified as sandy loamy or clay soil on the basis of their characteristics. The soil order mainly found in bastar zone that in intrazonal manner is alfisols, inseptisols and entisols. Chhattisgarh is predominantly rainfed although it receives high rainfall and has a good ground water resources, most of the farmers grow only one crop in rainy season and most areas use efficiently of applied water is very low. Soil of bastar plateu region belong to entisol, inceptisol and alfisol orders and dominating subgroups are lithic, ustorthent typic haplustept and typic haplustept. Application of organic matter like FXM or compost to all the subgroups and particularly lithic ustorthent will improve the water retention and storage capacity of soil. Physiochemical properties analysis of different subgroups collectively ranged.

Keywords :Soil order classified, FXM or compost, inseptisols and entisols.

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